St. Petersburg is the city of architectural ensembles inscribed into the extensive network of rivers and islands, the cultural capital of Russia and its second largest city having 4.6 millions inhabitants. Being a capital of Russia for 200 years it influenced the flow of Russian history and went through the golden age of The Russian Empire.
St. Petersburg, also known as the Venice of the North, is situated in the delta of the Neva river and on the shore of the Finnish Gulf. It is located on about 35 islands separated by more than 100 rivers and channels and connected by more than 350 bridges, 22 of which are drawbridges. St. Petersburg is surrounded by a number of picturesque palaces and gardens like Peterhof, Pushkin, Pavlovsk, Lomonosov and Gatchina, that were the summer residences of members of the Russian Royal Family.
St. Petersburg was founded on May 27, 1703 by Peter the Great. That time the banks of the Neva river were swampy and mostly uninhabited. The location itself was the far north-west corner of Russia. However in less than 10 years this "Paradise" and "The window to Europe", as it was called by Peter I, became the capital of Russia and in less than 50 years - one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
St. Peterburg is a city of masterpieces by Trezzini and Rastrelli, Rossi and Montferrand. Its architectural style goes from early baroque, through classicism and art nouveau to constructivism and Stalin's empire. The historic center of St. Petersburg constitutes a UNESCO World Heritage Site. St. Petersburg is the scene for imaginary characters created by Pushkin and Gogol, Dostoevsky and Blok. Glinka and Tchaikovsky, Vrubel and Repin lived and worked here. St. Petersburg was the main stage of the golden and the silver ages of Russian literature and arts.
All in all this is the city you must see at least once in your life!
ST. PETERSBURG STATE UNIVERSITY
The St. Petersburg State University is the oldest and one of the biggest universities in Russia. It was founded on January 28, 1724 by Peter the Great together with the Russian Academy of Sciences. It is located in a number of historical buildings on Vasilievsky Island and its main building occupies the early baroque house of The Twelve Collegia. Today the University consists of 21 faculty with 289 departments. It hosts more than 32 thousand students and about six thousand of academic staff. Among its famous professors and students are Lomonosov, Mendeleev, Landau, Markov, Chebyshev, Lenin, Blok, Perelman, Putin and many others.
St. Petersburg is a home to more than 200 museums.
The Hermitage is one of the biggest art museums in the world. It is located in The Winter Palace, the official residence of the Russian Emperors. Apart from the palace interiors its collection consists of more than three million works of art and artifacts varying from the art of ancient Egypt and China to the art of Renaissance and the works of French impressionists.
The Russian Museum is located in the Mickhailovsky Palace and represents the outstanding collection of the works of Russian painters. Its branches are also located in the Benois Wing, Mikhailovsky Castle, Marble Palace and Stroganov Palace.